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The Collective Argumentation and Learning Coding (CALC) Project

Project Overview

The Collective Argumentation and Learning Coding (CALC) project is a collaboration between faculty in the Mary Frances Early College of Education and the College of Engineering.

Elementary school teachers impact student motivation to pursue STEM fields of study and careers and are being increasingly asked to emphasize key STEM content areas such as computer science in their teaching. The CALC project, funded by NSF, designed a practice that elementary school teachers can use to integrate the teaching of coding with the standard practices already used to teach mathematics, science, and other curriculum content.

The project also developed a model course that prepares teachers to educate students in interdisciplinary, holistic ways to learn mathematics, science, and coding and equips them to guide students through reasoning processes while learning to code.

Course Overview

Using Collective Argumentation to Integrate Robotics and Computer Programming into Everyday Curriculum

This course was originally designed as an elective for elementary education majors, but middle school and high school teachers, particularly those with mathematics, science, technology, or workforce education emphases, have benefited from the version that is currently being offered. Content related to robotics systems and programming are appropriate for use in STEM instruction, and the course provides teachers with expertise and the background to select, implement, and assess the impact of learning activities using robotics.

The course covers all aspects of robotics needed by teachers including evaluation and selection of equipment, programming, integrating robotics activities into existing curriculum, and managing hands-on robotics activities in classroom settings. Even though the focus is on learning activities that support STEM instruction, standards and instruction related to English language arts, social studies, and other humanities content areas are included in curriculum development activities.

Course Materials

These materials are designed for teachers or teacher educators to support professional development initiatives and to implement and integrate robotics and coding into the general curriculum.

View course materials

Publications and Research

  • Conner, A., Crawford, B. A., Foutz, T., Hill, R. B., Jackson, D. F., Kim, C., & Thompson, S. A. (2020). Argumentation in primary grades STEM instruction: Examining teachers’ beliefs and practices in the USA. In J. Anderson & Y. Li (Ed.S..), Integrated approaches to STEM education: An international perspective (pp. 427–446). Springer International Publishing.
  • Foutz, T. L. (2018). Collaborative argumentation as a learning strategy to improve student performance in engineering statics: A pilot study. American Journal of Engineering Education (AJEE), 9(1), 11–22.
  • Foster, J., Gillespie Schneider, J., Franco, L., Zhuang, Y., Crawford, B., & Conner, A. (2022). Categorizing classroom-based argumentation in elementary STEM lessons: Applying Walton’s types of argument dialogue. Journal of Research in STEM Education, 8(2), 79–110.
  • Kim, C., Gleasman, C., Boz, T., Park, H., & Foutz, T. (2022). Learning to teach coding through argumentation. Computers and Education Open, 3, 100107.
  • Menke, J., Drimalla, J., Welji, S. N., Alibek, A., Tembe, N., Conner, A., & Foutz, T. (2023). Support for collective argumentation in integrated STEM: A study of elementary teachers’ practice [Manuscript submitted for publication].
  • Miller, C., Menke, J., & Conner, A. (2023). Collective argumentation in integrated contexts: A typology of warrants contributed in mathematics and coding arguments. Journal for STEM Education Research, 6(2), 275–301.
  • Zhuang, Y., Foster, J. K., Conner, A., Crawford, B. A., Foutz, T., & Hill, R. B. (2022). Teaching elementary mathematics with educational robotics. Journal of STEM Teacher Education, 57(1), 62–86.

Download complete publications list

PIs & Co-PIs

AnnaMarie Conner

Professor, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies Education

Barbara Crawford

Former Professor and Department Head, Mathematics and Science Education

Tim Foutz

Meigs Distinguished Teaching Professor, College of Engineering

Roger Hill

Professor, Workforce Education and Instructional Technology

David Jackson

Associate Professor, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies Education

ChanMin Kim

Associate Professor of Education, Penn State University

Sidney Thompson

U.H. Davenport Professor Emeritus, College of Engineering

Daniel Everett

Retired, Department of Computer Science

Team Members

Aida Alibek

Graduate Research Assistant, Mathematics Education

Anna Bloodworth

Graduate Research Assistant, Mathematics Education

Tugba Boz

Postdoctoral Scholar, College of Education, Purdue University

James Drimalla

Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Virginia

Jonathan Foster

Assistant Professor of Mathematics Education, University at Albany, State University of New York

Lorraine Franco

Graduate Research Assistant, Mathematics Education

Cory Gleasman

Assistant Professor, Curriculum & Instruction, Tennessee Tech

Jenna Menke

Assistant Professor of Mathematical Sciences, Ball State University

Claire Miller

Graduate Research Assistant, Mathematics Education

Hyejin Park

Assistant Professor of Mathematics, Drake University

Ngutor Tembe

Graduate Research Assistant, Mathematics Education

Shaffiq Welji

Graduate Research Assistant, Mathematics Education

Meimei Xu

Instructional Designer, University of Houston

Yuling Zhuang

Assistant Professor of Mathematics, Emporia State University

Joanna Gillespie-Schneider
Mike Hamilton

Assistant Professor of Teacher Education, University of Charleston

National Science Foundation logo

This project was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1741910. Products, findings, and conclusions are those of the research team and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding agency.

Contact Info

Tim Foutz , College of Engineering
1208 Driftmier Engineering Center 597 D. W. Brooks Drive Athens, Georgia 30602 United States
© University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602